Community seed banks first appeared towards the end of the 1980s, established with the support of international and national non-governmental organizations. A new book of the Issues in Agricultural Biodiversity series published by Earthscan in association with Bioversity International provides the first global review of their development and includes a wide range of case studies.
Countries that pioneered various types of community seed banks include Bangladesh, Brazil, Ethiopia, India, Nepal, Nicaragua, the Philippines and Zimbabwe. In the North, a particular type of community seed bank emerged known as a seed-savers network. Such networks were first established in Australia, Canada, the UK and the USA before spreading to other countries. Over time, the number and diversity of seed banks has grown. In Nepal, for example, there are now more than 100 self-described community seed banks whose functions range from pure conservation to commercial seed production. In Brazil, community seed banks operate in various regions of the country.
Surprisingly, despite 25 years of history and the rapid growth in number, organizational diversity and geographical coverage of community seed banks, recognition of their roles and contributions has remained scanty. The book reviews their history, evolution, experiences, successes and failures (and reasons why), challenges and prospects. It fills a significant gap in the literature on agricultural biodiversity and conservation, and their contribution to food sovereignty and security.
Citation: Vernooy, R.; Shrestha, P.; Sthapit, B. (eds) (2015) Community seed banks: origins, evolution and prospects. Routledge 270 p. ISBN: 978-0-415-70806-0
The book was published as a result of the research activity “Collective action in the creation, maintenance and use of common genetic resources pools” within PIM’s work on Property Rights Regimes for Management of Natural Resources and Assets with financial support from GIZ and PIM.