Flagship 4: Social Protection for Agriculture and Resilience

Flagship 4 seeks to understand how best to design social protection programs, and how these programs complement programs supporting agricultural growth and rural transformation. An understanding of which instruments for delivery (cash, vouchers, food, or other) work best for which groups, how programs should be targeted, how large they should be, how beneficiaries can graduate (that is, become resilient enough to manage without the benefits of the program), and how safety nets can promote better nutrition, can help inform design and implementation of programs. Work on social protection and nutrition is undertaken jointly with the CGIAR Research Program on Agriculture for Nutrition and Health (A4NH). The gendered nature of vulnerability, and instruments to address it, are major areas of focus.

PIM researchers have an established record of examining the impacts of transfers from social protection programs on agricultural outcomes, including increased use of fertilizer, improved seeds and agricultural credit (Hoddinott et al. 2014; Gilligan et al. 2009); increased investments in land, water harvesting and productive assets (Hoddinott et al. 2012); rural household labor supply (de Brauw et al 2015); and livestock holdings (Berhane et al. 2014; Gilligan and Hoddinott 2007). In Phase 2, research under Flagship 4 will emphasize linkages between social protection and agriculture.

Flagship 4 addresses the following research questions:

  • How do social protection programs influence agricultural growth and nutrition, and what are the implications of this for program design?
  • Are there trade-offs between public spending on social protection, agricultural growth, and nutrition? If so, how should these trade-offs be managed?
  • How can the design, delivery, and targeting of social protection programs be improved to increase complementarities with agricultural and nutritional interventions?

Social protection research in Phase 2 will continue to focus on Africa south of the Sahara and South Asia, with particular emphasis on Bangladesh, Ethiopia, and Mali. Selective involvement in India (in collaboration with A4NH) and Pakistan will be considered.

See PIM Proposal for Phase 2 (2017-2022) for more information.

Research clusters

Cluster 4.1: Social Protection Delivery and Outcomes

Cluster 4.2: Improving Resilience for the Poor in Fragile and Low-income Settings

Geographic focus

Africa south of the Sahara and South Asia, with particular emphasis on Bangladesh, Ethiopia, and Mali.

Flagship leadership team

Daniel Gilligan (IFPRI)
Flagship 4 and Cluster 4.2 leader

Shalini Roy (IFPRI)
Cluster 4.1 leader

Flagship 4 impact pathways

Flagship 4 updates