Women are farmers and agricultural laborers in every part of the world. They are often responsible for the storage and processing of agricultural products. In some parts of the world, they play a key role in marketing crops. In almost all contexts, they play a central role in ensuring household food security, a goal that in turn affects crop choice and other agricultural decisions. Thus, every agricultural intervention is likely to impact women and, depending on the particular context of gender relations, impact them differently from men.
Although the importance of women’s contribution to the agricultural sector in developing countries is now widely acknowledged, there is little systematic evidence on how gender gaps in control over resources have changed over time in response to agricultural policy and technological interventions. The new paper by Smriti Rao released in the series of working papers by the CGIAR Gender and Agriculture Research Network aims to guide the development of new indicators useful for seeking sharply focused feedback on a specific innovation in an agricultural production process. Specific innovation refers to the introduction of a new crop variety, livestock management regime, cropping system, resource conservation practice, or marketing arrangement, for example.
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Featured image: ©IFPRI/Ian Masias, Flickr