Agricultural transformation in Nepal: Trends, prospects, and policy options


November 9, 2020

November 11, 2020 | 4:30 PM – 6:00 PM (IST) / 6:00 AM - 7:3o AM EST

Agriculture is a vital sector of Nepal’s economy for food security, employment generation, and poverty reduction, but the sector’s performance over the past two and a half decades has been weak. Domestic food production has failed to keep pace with rising food demand, and the country has become a net importer of food, both staples and high-value commodities. The agriculture sector faces both structural and new challenges. Farmers, particularly smallholders, have poor access to technology, inputs, and credit. Improving farm incomes and livelihoods will require increasing smallholders’ participation in the production of high-value commodities, such as vegetables, fruits, dairy products, meat, and eggs. It will also require measures to address the emerging challenge of climate change, given the high vulnerability of smallholders to floods, droughts, and other extreme weather events.

IFPRI South Asia has extensively worked in Nepal on a wide range of policy issues in collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development, Government of Nepal, with support from USAID. The key outputs from this engagement are presented in a new book "Agricultural transformation in Nepal: Trends, prospects, and policy options". The book addresses some of the key strategic questions related to agriculture in Nepal and suggests policy measures to improve the delivery of critical inputs and services to smallholders. It discusses how the new federal system and governance structure will affect the delivery of agricultural technology and services.

Download synopsis

IFPRI South Asia is pleased to invite participants to the virtual launch of the book on November 11, 2020. 

Chief Guest
Prof. Dr. Puspa Raj Kandel,
Vice Chair of National Planning Commission, Government of Nepal

Dr. Johan Swinnen, Director General, IFPRI
Dr. Yogendra K Karkee, Secretary, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development, Government of Nepal

Dr. Muzna Alvi, Associate Research Fellow, IFPRI

Dr. Shahidur Rashid, Director, IFPRI SAR
Dr. Swarnim Wagle, Chairman, IIDS

Dr. Usha Jha, Member, National Planning Commission, Government of Nepal
Dr. Kusum Shakya, Dean, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences
Dr. Loraine Ronchi, Practice Manager, South Asia Agriculture, The World Bank
Dr. Poshraj Pandey, Chairman SAWTEE
Dr. Chip Bury, Resilience and Food Security Advisor, USAID


Thapa, Ganesh, ed.; Kumar, Anjani, ed.; and Joshi, Pramod Kumar, ed. 2019. Agricultural transformation in Nepal: Trends, prospects, and policy options. Singapore: Springer.

This work was undertaken as part of the CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets under it's research Flagship 2: Economywide Factors Affecting Agricultural Growth and Rural Transformation.

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