The translation of globally relevant research findings into impact on the ground is mediated through decisions of millions of national and local actors subject to rules, constraints, and incentives specific to place and time. These actors operate in a context of rural and structural transformation.
Rural transformation refers to the process through which rural incomes grow, rural economies diversify, and linkages with urban and peri-urban areas strengthen. Structural transformation refers to the process through which an economy initially dominated by agriculture experiences faster growth in the manufacturing and service sectors than in agriculture, and becomes less dependent on agricultural jobs and value addition over time.
Agriculture contributes to development through direct and indirect, or economywide, impacts. The indirect impacts are large, and associated with structural and rural transformation. Economywide effects bring changes in relative factor costs (i.e., land, labor, and capital), new patterns of consumption, and changes in opportunities for trade and specialization.
PIM’s Flagship 2 focuses on the following research questions:
Late-transforming countries face internal challenges in a context of external and global grand challenges. Among the latter are climate change, degradation of water, soil, forests, fish stocks, and biodiversity, urbanization without significant industrialization, high levels of youth unemployment, and increasing competition for land. Many of these challenges are particularly acute in Africa south of the Sahara, where most late-transforming countries are located; therefore, the work of Flagship 2 is primarily concentrated in this region, with emphasis on Ethiopia, Ghana, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Tanzania, and Uganda. The work is well aligned with the Malabo Declaration, the articulation in 2014 by African Heads of State and Government of their new commitments to the CAADP agenda.
Client-Responsive Country Engagement and Partnership research cluster reflects the importance of country partners for achieving outcomes. It includes the IFPRI Country Strategy Support Programs in Ethiopia, Ghana, Malawi, Nigeria, and MENA, and the programs of research and policy support in Myanmar, Cambodia, Thailand, Nepal, Central Asia, and China, which focus on partnerships with and building capacities of national stakeholders for improved policy making.
Cluster 2.1: Agricultural Transformation and Rural Incomes
Cluster 2.2: Public Investments and Institutions
Cluster 2.3: Political Economy and Policy Processes
Cluster 2.4: Client-Responsive Country Engagement and Partnership
Africa south of the Sahara with emphasis on Ethiopia, Ghana, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Tanzania, and Uganda - on the national and subnational level.
Flagship leadership team
Xinshen Diao (IFPRI)
Thomas Jayne (MSU)
James Thurlow (IFPRI)
Tewodaj Mogues (IFPRI)
Danielle Resnick (IFPRI)
Flagship 2 impact pathways
Special issue of World Development on Economic transformation in Africa