Secure tenure and well-performing institutional arrangements matter for technical dynamism in rural areas and investment in agriculture. They contribute to growth, sustainability, and inclusion. Tenurial regimes can also be powerful instruments of exclusion if controlled by elites or implemented to reinforce traditional hierarchies of power. Changes in tenure of resources and interactions among users of shared resources take place in a context of rural change. Land and other resources are shifting from customary to statutory status; forest tenure gives way to tenurial arrangements of agrarian regimes; large private holdings increase; and governments invest in public infrastructure. Lack of attention to resource governance under these circumstances carries high risk for development programs, particularly with regard to inclusion, equality, and poverty reduction.
The flagship examines the following questions:
Cluster 5.1 Enhancing Tenure Security aims to document the impact of secure tenure of land and non-land resources (water, fish stocks, and forests). Researchers also investigate mechanisms to strengthen insecure tenure and weak institutions that help avoid unintended consequences for people and the environment.
Cluster 5.2 Governing Shared Landscapes addresses the management of resources held in common or individually, under formal, informal, and legally pluralistic arrangements. The rights and roles of women and members of marginalized groups (for example ethnic minorities and indigenous peoples) and the contributions of natural resources to their livelihoods receive particular attention, as do intergenerational transfer of tenure rights and implications for young people.
The Collective Action and Property Rights (CAPRi) program operates under the auspices of PIM and is facilitated by the Flagship 5 team.
See PIM Proposal for Phase 2 (2017-2022) for more information.
Cluster 5.1: Enhancing Tenure Security
Cluster 5.2: Governing Shared Landscapes
Africa (Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Morocco, Mozambique, Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia), Asia (Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Vietnam), and Latin America (Guatemala).
Flagship leadership team
Steve Lawry (CIFOR)
Ruth Meinzen-Dick (IFPRI)
Flagship 5 impact pathways
Check this Outcome Note from Flagship 5 in PIM's Phase 1 (2012-2016):